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A generic drug is a copy of the brand-name drug with the same dosage, safety, strength, quality, consumption method, performance, and intended use. Before generics become available on the market, the generic company must prove it has the same active ingredients as the brand-name drug and works in the same way and in the same amount of time in the body.
The only differences between generics and their brand-name counterparts is that generics are less expensive and may look slightly different (eg. different shape or color), as trademarks laws prevent a generic from looking exactly like the brand-name drug.
Generics are less expensive because generic manufacturers don't have to invest large sums of money to develop a drug. When the brand-name patent expires, generic companies can manufacture a copy of the brand-name and sell it at a substantial discount.
Kuvan is a synthetic form of a natural salt that contributes to the function of a certain enzyme in the body. In people with a condition called phenylketonuria (PKU), this enzyme is lacking or missing in the body. Without the enzyme, phenylalanine levels can become elevated and cause a variety of neurologic symptoms. Kuvan is used to help the body activate the enzyme needed to control blood levels of phenylalanine. Kuvan is used in people with PKU.